Davidson’s Grave

Resting Place of a Patriot Hero

Location


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Coordinates: 35.3647, -80.8983.

Type: Stop
Tour: Race to the Dan
County: Mecklenburg

Access LogoDifficult

You are going to the older cemetery of Hopewell Presbyterian Church. The church property is fronted by a long stone wall. The coordinates are the entrance to a driveway at the southern end of the wall (closest to Charlotte). If the parking lot is empty, the grave is visible from your vehicle at a distance. Closer inspection requires crossing typical cemetery ground.

Photo of a graveyard with an apparent tomb in front and three column markers behind
Davidson grave on left in distance (AmRevNC photograph)

 
Mug with an African-American soldier and the words, "Fighting for Freedom."

 
Mug saying "250 Years" with scenes and a map from the Battle of Alamance

 

Description

Go to the end of the parking lot closest to the church. Walk to the cluster of three columns (for Davidson kin), and then between the middle one and the one to the right. Look toward the left, and find the vertical stone monument with a “box marker” that looks like a tomb on its right.

Black and white photo of a painting of William DavidsonAs a two-year-old, William Davidson was part of the “Great Migration” down the Great Wagon Road from Pennsylvania, settling in what now is Iredell County. He went to school at Sugar Creek Church near Charlotte. Sadly, he was only 13 when his father died.[a]

As a part-time “militia” soldier at 19, he helped escort Gov. William Tryon to treaty negotiations with the Cherokees in 1767.[b] Starting as a captain in the Rowan County militia in 1776, he served against the Cherokees in N.C. and Loyalists in South Carolina. Davidson became a major in the regular Continental Army the next year. After helping to recruit soldiers, he was sent north from Halifax in time to fight at the Battle of Germantown (Penn.). He served under Gen. George Washington, suffered through the winter camp at Valley Forge, and rose to command of a North Carolina regiment. After helping protect supplies in Philadelphia under Gen. Benedict Arnold, later a traitor, the regiment was sent south in 1779. It was in Charleston when that city fell to the British the next year, but Davidson missed getting captured because he was on leave for a family visit after a three-year absence.[1]

The regiments were reorganized due to the lost manpower, and Davidson shifted back to the militia, commanding the Mecklenburg County Regiment. He led the successful attack at the Battle of Colson’s Mill but took bullets to the stomach and required two months to recover. In September of that year he was named interim brigadier general of the multi-county Salisbury District militia. In that role he was put in charge of blocking the British at the Catawba River crossings during the Race to the Dan.

Davidson was killed at age 35 by a bullet to the chest as he directed the defense of Cowan’s Ford, at the base of today’s Lake Norman. The next day two Patriot militiamen found his body where he fell or at the edge of the Catawba River, stripped by the British. They brought him here to Hopewell Presbyterian Church, organized in 1762, and hurriedly buried Davidson by torchlight. Perhaps they feared Tories would desecrate it further, or maybe they just wanted to join the rest of the Patriots retreating toward Salisbury. Davidson is still where he was buried that night. His wallet made a longer journey: It turned up 183 years later in the British Museum in London![2]

The town and county of Davidson, and Davidson College, are named for him.

Photo of a vertical granite marker on the left and tomb-like table marker on the right
(AmRevNC photograph)

What to See

Davidson is buried at the normal depth below the surface under the apparent tomb, as is true of the other “box markers” here. This cemetery is believed to have “the third-highest concentration of box markers in North Carolina,” according to a sign in the cemetery.

Other Revolutionary veterans are buried here, most notably John McNitt Alexander, a surveyor who helped guide Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene from the Yadkin River to the Dan in the Race to the Dan. The earliest grave dates to 1775.[3]

Memorial

A 1925 marker erected by a descendant where Davidson fell eventually became forgotten and overgrown. When a bulldozer was preparing the site of the power plant at the dam, the operator spotted it. It was moved to a location on the way to his grave.

To see it, turn right from the parking lot onto Beattie’s Ford Road and drive north 5.1 miles. The monument faces south at the far right corner of Brown Mill Road (coordinates: 35.4253, -80.9159). Only privately owned parking is nearby.

The monument says:

Cowan’s Ford, Catawba River
Where
The Revolutionary Hero,
Gen’l. William Lee Davidson
Was Killed in Action Feb. 1, 1781
Born at
Lancaster, Pa.
1746
Davidson College
Founded 1837[1]

Plaque from where Davidson fell on a stone wall
(AmRevNC photograph)

[a] Russell, Phillips, North Carolina in the Revolutionary War (Charlotte, N.C.: Heritage Printers, Inc., 1965).

[b] Ibid.

[1] Rankin, Hugh F., The North Carolina Continentals (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1971).

[2] Blackwell, Robinson, ‘Davie, William Richardson’, NCpedia, 1986 <https://www.ncpedia.org/biography/davie-william-richardson> [accessed 3 April 2020]; Lewis, J. D., ‘The Patriot Leaders in North Carolina – William Lee Davidson’, Carolana, 2013 <https://www.carolana.com/NC/Revolution/patriot_leaders_nc_william_lee_davidson.html> [accessed 3 April 2020]; Sherman, Wm. Thomas, Calendar and Record of the Revolutionary War in the South: 1780-1781, Tenth Edition (Seattle, WA: Gun Jones Publishing, 2007) <https://www.americanrevolution.org/calendar_south_10_ed_update_2017.pdf>.

[3] In addition to the other footnoted sources, “Stop” information comes from one of two guidebooks; NCpedia; the online essay for the relevant North Carolina Highway Marker; and related Sight pages (see “About Sources“).

Cowan’s Ford | Race to the Dan Tour | Torrence’s Tavern